What is Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that develops when your body doesn’t use insulin hormone properly. This causes a rise in blood sugar, which can trigger major health problems like heart disease, nerve damage, and vision loss.
Type 2 diabetes is different than Type 1 diabetes in that Type 1 sufferers don’t make the insulin they need. Because of that, Type 1 is sometimes called insulin-dependent diabetes. Although you can’t prevent Type 1, Type 2 diabetes is nearly always preventable.
What are the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes?
The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes aren’t always obvious in the beginning. In fact, many Type 2 diabetes sufferers have no idea they have diabetes until routine testing during a wellness physical reveals it.
If you don’t get treatment for Type 2 diabetes, it eventually causes symptoms like:
Eventually, you could suffer severe long-term damage like heart disease, neuropathy (nerve damage), kidney disease, and blindness.
Am I at-risk for Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes risk factors are largely controllable. They include:
Other risk factors include:
Even if you’re in a high-risk group due to age, race, or other factors, you have an excellent chance of avoiding Type 2 diabetes by taking control of your weight, diet, and physical fitness with your doctor’s help.
How is Type 2 diabetes treated?
Type 2 diabetes treatment varies by patient. In many cases, you can significantly lower your blood sugar to get diabetes under control by making some changes in your life. Helpful changes include losing weight, lowering your cholesterol, eating a healthier diet, and exercising on a regular basis.
If your blood sugar level is still high after making lifestyle and health changes, your doctor at AllCare Family Medicine & Urgent Care of Alexandria may prescribe oral medication to help.
Most Type 2 diabetes sufferers don’t need injectable insulin, at least in the earlier stages of the disease. But, if your blood sugar is uncontrolled for a long period of time, you may need injectable insulin later.
The friendly team at AllCare Family Medicine & Urgent Care of Alexandria helps with both prevention and treatment of Type 2 diabetes, so don’t hesitate to ask for help. Use online scheduling or call to book your appointment today.